Category: Shakya caste in hindi

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Shakya caste in hindi

The Shakya clan, to which the historical Buddha, Shakyamuni, belonged, has a long history. The son of King Prasenjit, Bidudabha, from Shravasti, attacked Kapilavastu and Devdah and killed many Shakyas and Koliyas, while others migrated to different parts of India.

Today, the Shakya people live mainly in Nepal and around Sankisa, in different districts of Uttar Pradesh. Regarding the Buddha as a Hindu god, they were entirely ignorant about his life until one of the clan members, Suresh Bauddha, met the Sri Lankan monk Bhikkhu G.

Pragyanand Mahasthivir while studying at university in Agra. Thus Bhikkhu Pragyanand proceeded to tell him the life story of the Buddha. With a burning desire to introduce this important heritage of the Shakya clan to his family and community in Sankisa, in Suresh set up an unofficial organization at the grassroots level. Bhikkhu G. Pragyanand Mahasthivir.

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From Bhikkhu Upanand. That he could teach in Hindi was a great advantage. He encouraged Suresh to do what he could for Buddhism, and especially to help his clan. Bhikkhu Pragyanand had in fact been one of the four leading monks to give Buddhist Refuge vows to the Buddhist leader Dr. Initially, some of the members of the Shakya community spread the rumor that Suresh had sold the boys to the temple for money. However, when the young monks returned and the people saw how gracious and dignified they had become, those who had previously lacked confidence in the YBS grew increasingly curious about their work.

One of the monks, Bhikkhu Upanand, a senior student of Bhikkhu Pragyanand who was ordained by him in Shravasti inhas now completed a PhD.

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FromSuresh also continuously invited monks from the Sri Lankan, Thai, Korean, and Tibetan traditions to give basic Dhamma teachings to the farmers in the community, Bhikkhu Pragyanand among them. With almost 30 years of grassroots work accomplished, including Dhamma teachings, meditation programs, and vipassana retreats, 68, Shakya families have now become Buddhist and are connected with the YBS.

The biggest challenge for the YBS now is the general lack of Buddhist teachers able to teach fluently in Hindi. Most of the teachers are from a non-Indian background, and therefore almost all the teachings need to be translated; however, Hindi translators for the Dhamma are also very hard to find. In order to overcome this and to groom Buddhist teachers for the community, in the YBS started sending young boys and girls to various monasteries of the Theravada, Chinese, and Tibetan Buddhist traditions to take ordination.

Today there are more than young ordained monks and nuns from the Shakya community undergoing training in India, Nepal, and Thailand.

The YBS also organizes training for older monks aged 60—70 who live in the Sankisa area, most of whom have requested ordination in the last few years. As an organization working in rural areas in India, one of the main issues has been the empowerment of women. It is generally very difficult for women to obtain approval from their families or financial support to participate in public events such as the Dhamma talks, cultural programs, medical and meditation camps, and other activities organized by the YBS.

However, having worked in the community for many years, the YBS is now beginning to gain the trust of community members to allow their daughters to work with the YBS as volunteers, where they and their male colleagues are treated as equals. Some families even support the decision of those girls who wish to take ordination in order to become Buddhist teachers and examples for other girls in the Shakya community. The YBS is a true grassroots Buddhist organization.

Through their dedication and conscious effort to avoid mixing religion and politics, they have become one of the most important movements in the revival of Buddhism in India.Yadav refers to a grouping of traditionally mainly non-elite, [1] [2] [3] [4] peasant - pastoral communities or castes in India that since the 19th and 20th centuries [5] [6] have claimed descent from the mythological king Yadu as a part of a movement of social and political resurgence.

The term Yadav now covers many traditional peasant-pastoral castes such as Ahirs of the Hindi belt and the Gavli of Maharashtra. Traditionally, Yadav groups were linked to cattle raising and as such, were outside the formal caste system.

The term Yadav or sometimes Yadava has been interpreted to mean a descendant of Yaduwho is a mythological king.

why was Buddha called Shakyamuni ?

Using "very broad generalisations", Jayant Gadkari says that it is "almost certain" from analysis of the Puranas that AndhakaVrishniSatvata and Abhira were collectively known as Yadavas and worshipped Krishna. Gadkari further notes of these ancient works that "It is beyond dispute that each of the Puranas consists of legends and myths At the core of the Yadav community lies a specific folk theory of descent, according to which all Indian pastoral castes are said to descend from the Yadu dynasty hence the label Yadav to which Krishna a cowherder, and supposedly a Kshatriya belonged.

Historians such as P. Chandorkar have used epigraphical and similar evidence to argue that Ahirs and Gavlis are representative of the ancient Yadavas and Abhiras mentioned in Sanskrit works. There are several communities that coalesce to form the Yadavs. Christophe Jaffrelot has remarked that. Their traditional common function, all over India, was that of herdsmen, cowherds and milksellers.

However, Jaffrelot has also said that most of the modern Yadavs are cultivators, mainly engaged in tilling the land, and less than one third of the population are occupied in raising cattle or the milk business. Rao had earlier expressed the same opinion as Jaffrelot, and noted that the traditional association with cattle, together with the belief in descent from Yadu, defines the community.

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The Shudra status is explained by the nomadic nature of herdsmen, which constrained the ability of other groups in the varna system to validate the adherence to practices of ritual purity; by their involvement in castration of the animals, which was considered to be a ritually polluting act; and because the sale of milk, as opposed to personal use thereof, was thought to represent economic gain from a sacrosanct product.

Yadavs constantly trace their caste predispositions and skills to descent, and in doing so they affirm their distinctiveness as a caste. For them, caste is not just appellation but quality of blood Yalman 87, in Gupta This view is not recent. The Ahirs today Yadavs had a lineage view of caste Fox ; Unnithan-Kumar that was based on a strong ideological model of descent.

This descent-based kinship structure was also linked to a specific Kshatriya and their religious tradition centred on Krishna mythology and pastoral warrior hero-god cults. Their traditional occupations changed over time and for many years Yadavs have been primarily involved in cultivation, [24] although Michelutti has noted a "recurrent pattern" since the s whereby economic advancement has progressed through involvement in cattle-related business to transportation and thence to construction.

Employment with the army and the police have been other traditional occupations in northern India, and more recently government employment in that region has also become significant. She believes that positive discrimination measures and gains as a consequence of land reform legislation have been important factors in at least some areas. Lucia Michelutti notes that. Alter notes that in North India the majority of the wrestlers are of the Yadav caste.India has a population of about crores.

People of hundreds of castes live in a population of crores. There are many castes here that are living in India since the time of human existence. Such people are considered indigenous people of India.

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In India, the monopoly of the indigenous people remained until the Harappan period. The people of Harappan era were quite skilled in farming, trade and city management. Those people would not be a fanatic, but they would insist on education and social equality. Due to the peaceful social life and trading style of the indigenous people, the Indian subcontinent was called the best region in the world.

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The Aryans arrived in India after the Harappan period. The Aryans were a group of nomads and shepherds in far Central Asia. These people were of a bellicose nature. They promoted religious superstition in India by destroying the then commercial activities. Later, the caste system started in India. Many foreign robbers attacked India several times and took away several billion tons of gold, silver, diamonds, gems. When there was no photograph of the Indian subcontinent, Chandragupta Maurya of the Maurya caste began his rule in India before the fourth century BCE.

He expanded his kingdom from the Bay of Bengal to the border of Iran. His son Bindusar and his grandson Ashoka also kept this huge empire established by Chandragupta Maurya intact. Maurya caste is basically Kushwaha caste.

The first great ruler of India was from the Maurya Kushwaha caste. The kings of the Maurya dynasty did the work of tying India into a single form.

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The Mauryan rulers also promoted Jainism and Buddhism to reduce ethnic discrimination in society. After the end of the Maurya dynasty, the kings of the Brahmin dynasty started rule, but they could not handle the integrity of India. The empire of India was shattered.

Later in the ad, Shreegupta of Gupta caste established the rule of Gupta dynasty. Kings of Chandragupta, Skandagupta, Samudragupta etc. At the time of the Gupta dynasty, several states also emerged in South India, in them the Chalukya dynasty being the most powerful empire.

According to Kalhan, author of the book Rajatarangini, the Chalukyas were a Shudra caste. When the British made India as their slave, then the Mahatma Gandhi belong for — Baniya caste raised the freedom of India through non-violent movements and finally got India liberated from the British. After the independence of India, when it came time to write the Constitution of India, the great savior of the Dalit caste Ambedkar ji took responsibility for it, and after nearly 3 years of tireless hard work, wrote the Constitution of independent India.

Even today, India is following the same constitution. In this way, if we mention the great castes of India on the basis of work, then the ten best castes of India are as follows — 1 Indigenous people Schedule Tribes — Founder of Harappan Civilization.

Forward this post in 5 groups of Whatsapp and get chance get a Samsung Earphones. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Skip to content Search for:. General Knowledge.Posted on: AM - 30 Apr Shakya Caste and Kingdom of India.

Meet other similar minded people. Its Free! It is one of the many Hindu Kshatriya dynasties that ruled in South Asia region during the ancient and medieval period. Lord Rama was one of the earlier descendants. Other well known descendants include Satyavarta, Harishchandra, Bhagiratha, Raghu after whom this dynasty also came to be known as RaghuvanshaDasharatha father of Rama etc. The list shows King Sakya as the 6th last king of the Suryavansha lineage.

Sakya's son was Suddhoda Shakya Shuddhodana was the ruler of Kapilavastu. Shuddhodana's son was Siddhartha Shakya. Siddhartha Shakya founded a new religion, Buddhism and later came to be known as Gautama Buddha. Buddha's son was Langala Shakya also known as Rahula. Since Buddha had found a new religion and abdicated the throne, hence Langala became the next ruler in Suryavansha.

Sumitra was the last ruler of Suryanvansha lineage. A very small number of Shakyas also live in China and Japan since ancient times. Notable rulers were Shuddhodhana, Siddhartha founded Buddhism and later came to be known as Gautam Buddhaand Rahula. Notable rulers were Chandragupta Maurya, and the most famous king Ashoka.

Kingdom of Anuradhapura. This is also mentioned in scared textsGarudaPurana and Matsya Purana. Posting your question. Please wait! Type your question here.

Detailed Information.He is also commonly known as Shakyamuni or Sakyamuni lit. His father Suddhodana was the King of the Sakya people, and ruled in the capital of Kapilavatsu, today within the border of Nepal. So that is why he is called Shakyamuni. Siddhartha was the Indian prince. He detached his earthly possessions and attachments to find a way to end the cycle of birth, old age, sickness, and death. When he detached from his desires and attachments, and meditated in deep investigation of the nature of all this existence, without distractions of earthly diversions, his single-mindedness led to his enlightenment.

Upon enlightenment, he was called a "buddha". He was then recognized as "Shakyamuni Buddha" "Shakya" was the name of Siddhartha's clan and bloodline. So he was recognized as a great sage identified from the Shakya clan. Hence, he was called Shakyamuni Buddha. Words are not important. Only message of Buddha is "live in the present moment. Answer Save. Human Being Human Lv 7.

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Shakyamuni - Definition He is also commonly known as Shakyamuni or Sakyamuni lit. What do you think of the answers? You can sign in to give your opinion on the answer. Muni means sage. Shakyamuni means Sage of the Sakya people.

Origin of Sakya ! Chakma Origin ! Who are Chakma ? Is Chakma are Sakya ? Ancestor of #Chakma #Buddha

Still have questions? Get answers by asking now.Gautama Buddha c. The Shakyas were an eastern sub-Himalayan ethnic group on the periphery, both geographically and culturally, of the eastern Indian subcontinent in the 5th century BCE. The laws of Manu treats them as being non Aryan. Some scholars, including Michael Witzel [19] and Christopher I. He had a wife, splendid, beautiful, and steadfast, who was called the Great Maya, from her resemblance to Maya the Goddess.

This list comprises the names of a number of prominent kings of the Ikshvaku dynastywhich include Mandhata and Sagara. Sivisamjaya and Sihassara were the son and grandson of Okkamukha. King Sihassara had eighty-two thousand sons and grandsons, who were together known as the Shakyas.

The youngest son of Sihassara was Jayasena. Jayasena had a son, Sihahanu, and a daughter, Yashodhara not to be confused with Prince Siddhartha's wifewho was married to Devadahasakka. Devadahasakka had two daughters, Anjana and Kaccana. Sihahanu married Kaccana, and they had five sons and two daughters; Suddhodana was one of them.

Suddhodana had two queens, Maya and Prajapati, both daughters of Anjana. Siddhartha Gautama Buddha was the son of Suddhodana and Maya. Pali canon traces Gautama gotra patriline of Shakya to Rigvedic sage Angirasa. The Shakya republic functioned as an oligarchy, [note 1] ruled by an elite council of the warrior and ministerial class that chose its leader.

A new building for the Shakya santhagara was constructed at the time of Gautama Buddha, which was inaugurated by him. The highest administrative authority was the sidharthcomprising members, which met in the santhagara to transact any important business.

The Shakya Parishad was headed by an elected rajawho presided over the meetings. By the time of Siddharta's birth, the Shakya republic had become a vassal state of the larger Kingdom of Kosala. While the raja must have held considerable authority in the Shakya homeland, backed by the power of the King of Kosala, he did not rule autocratically. Questions of consequence were debated in the santhagara, in which, though open to all, only members of the warrior class "rajana" were permitted to speak.

shakya caste in hindi

Rather than a majority vote, decisions were made by consensus. As an act of vengeance for cheating perceived slights against his mother, a servant before her royal marriage, he invaded the Shakya territory, massacred them and annexed it.

Scholar Johannes Bronkhorst argues, "I do not deny that many vedic texts existed already, in oral form, at the time when Buddha was born. However, the bearers of this tradition, the Brahmins, did not occupy a dominant position in the area in which the Buddha preached his message, and this message was not, therefore, a reaction against brahmanical thought and culture.

Purportedly, many Shakyans joined people from other regions and became followers of the Buddha during his lifetime, and many young Shakyan men left their homes to become monastics.

According to Hmannan Yazawinfirst published inthe legendary king Abhiyazawho founded the Tagaung Kingdom and the Burmese monarchy belonged to the same Shakya clan of the Buddha. The earlier Burmese accounts stated that he was a descendant of Pyusawhtison of a solar spirit and a dragon princess.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the ancient Shakya Republic. For various communities using Shakya surname, see shakya disambiguation. Seated bronze from Tibet11th century. Main article: Saka.

shakya caste in hindi

Inscriptions of Asoka. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp.Lefroy is a historian and archaeologist. He specializes in South Asian history and has published multiple research papers on various dynasties and empires in ancient South Asia. The book is available to purchase online at Amazon. Only a very few Shakyans actually converted to Buddhism. Due to this even at present day the majority of Shakya people follow Hindu religion and not Buddhism.

But unlike Jews and Christians we all know that Jesus Christ was a Jew who founded Christianity who are hostile towards each other, Buddhism is more like an extension of Hinduism rather than a separate religion. Shakya caste in Hindus and Shakya caste in Buddhism, both still identify themselves as Hindu Kshatriyas as they originally did.

Shakya dynasty is part of Hindu religion and is one the many ruling Kshatriya dynasties of ancient times. Kshatriyas were the warrior clans in Hindus. The status of Kshatriyas during Vedic period was considered highest but later Brahmins took an equivalent or maybe a slightly higher status due to their priestly and spiritual duties.

shakya caste in hindi

This system of administration is adopted by the Constitution of India which identifies India as a republican state or Ganatantra republic. Siddhartha was the son of Suddhodana. As Gautama Buddha founded a new religion and abdicted the throne, so the lineage continued with his son Rahula.

According to Garuda Purana 1. King Shakya was one of the last descendants of Ikshvaku dynasty, commonly known as Suryavansha sub-caste of Kshatriya. Rama was one of the earlier descendants of Ikshvaku. Chapter 1 of Vishnupurana mentions that Brahma created Daksha out of his thumb. Daksha had a daughter Aditiwho was mother of Sun. From the Sun was born Manu. Manu had many sons of whom 50 perished quarelling with one another. Ten sons survived, one of whom was Ikshvaku.

King Shakya was the 6th last King of Suryavansha sub-caste. After King Shakya, his son Shuddhodana became the ruler. Rama and Krishna were seventh and eighth avatars respectively. Just like Rama and Krishna, Buddha also belonged to a ruling family. Matsya, the fish-avatar who saved Manu. Kurma, the tortoise-avatar.


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