Middle name in russian language
A patronymicor patronymis a component of a personal name based on the given name of one's father, grandfather avonymic  or an earlier male ancestor. A component of a name based on the name of one's mother or a female ancestor is a matronymic. A name based on the name of one's child is a teknonymic or paedonymic. Each is a means of conveying lineage. Patronymics are still in use, including mandatory use, in many countries worldwide, although their use has largely been replaced by or transformed into patronymic surnames.
Examples of such transformations include common English surnames such as Johnson son of John. The usual noun and adjective in English is patronymicbut as a noun this exists in free variation alongside patronym.Reggae night lyrics jimmy cliff
Patronymicfirst attested in English inhas a more complex history. Both Greek words had entered Latin, and, from Latin, French. The English form patronymic was borrowed through the mutual influence of French and Latin on English. In many areas around the world, patronyms predate the use of family names. Family names in many CelticGermanicIberianScandinavianGeorgianArmenian and Slavic languages originate from patronyms, e.
Other cultures which formerly used patronyms have switched to the more widespread style of passing the father's last name to the children and wife as their own. In Icelandfamily names are unusual; Icelandic law favours the use of patronyms and more recently, matronyms over family names. Traditionally Muslim and non-Arabic speaking African people, such as Hausa and Fulani people usually with some exceptions follow the Arab naming pattern.
Ethiopians and Eritreans have no concept of family name and surname. If one is to refer to a person with a single name, they will always use the person's given name. Ethiopian and Eritreans use a naming pattern very similar to the Arab naming pattern, but with one exception: no suffix or prefix. The full name is written as: First name given name followed by the father's name, and last by the grandfather's name.
The grandfather's name is usually only used in official documents. The father's name is not considered a middle name. Instead, it is considered a last name. The same is true for females; they do not take their husband's last name.Eastern Slavic naming customs are the traditional way of identifying a person's given name and patronymic name in countries formerly part of the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union. It is named after the East Slavic language group that the Russian language belongs to.
They are also found occasionally in the Balkans among older generations. Eastern Slavic parents select a given name for a newborn child. Most first names in East Slavic languages originate from two sources:. Almost all first names are single.Russian names in Russian language [Basic Russian phrases]
Doubled first names as in, for example, Frenchlike Jean-Luc are very rare and from foreign influence. Most doubled first names are written with a hyphen: Mariya-Tereza. Being highly synthetic languagesEastern Slavic treats personal names as grammatical nouns and apply the same rules of inflection and derivation to them as for other nouns. So one can create many forms with different degrees of affection and familiarity by adding the corresponding suffixes to the auxiliary stem derived from the original name.
Unlike English, in which the use of diminutive forms is optional even between close friends, in East Slavonic languages such forms are obligatory in certain contexts because of the strong T—V distinction : the T-form of address usually requires the short form of the counterpart's name. Also, unlike other languages with prominent use of name suffixes, such as Japanesethe use of derived name forms is mostly limited to the T-addressing: there is no way to make the name more formal than the plain unsuffixed full form, and no suffixes can be added to the family name.
Some names, such as Zhanna Jeana and Mark have no short forms, and others may have two or more different forms. In the latter case, one form is usually more informal than the other. Unlike the full name, a diminutive name carries a particular emotional attitude and may be unacceptable in certain contexts.
Depending on the nature of the attitude, diminutive nameforms can be subdivided in three broad groups: affectionate, familiar and slang.
It generally emphasises a tender, affectionate attitude and is roughly analogous to German suffixes - chen- leinJapanese - chan and - tan and affectionate name-derived nicknames in other languages. It is often used to address children or intimate friends.
Within a more official context, this form may be combined with the honorific plural to address a younger female colleague. Expressing a highly familiar attitude, the use may be considered rude or even pejorative outside a friendly context. Slang forms exist for male names and, since a few decades ago, female names. The suffixes give the sense of "male brotherhood" that was once expressed by the patronymic-only form of address in the Soviet Union.
Originating in criminal communities [ citation needed ]such forms came into wide usage in Russia in the s. During the days of the October Revolutionas part of the campaign to rid Russia of bourgeois culture, there was a drive to invent new, revolutionary names.
The patronymic name is based on the first name of the father and is written in all legal and identity documents. If used with the first name, the patronymic always follows it. Not using patronymic names in such situations is considered offensive.Welcome to the lesson about Russian names! If you just wish to see the list of names, then scroll down and you will find the 50 most common male and female names. Listed in both Russian and English. But if you have the time, read on. We will investigate Russian names, their origin and usage.
The three-part form of modern Russian names consists of a first name, patronymic and surname. It first appeared in the 10th century but became normal during the reign of Tzar Peter I. Names that were used in Russia before Christianity could reveal personal characteristics of a child e. Pre-Christian names transformed into surnames in the course of time.
Most modern Russian names were borrowed from Byzantine Empire with the arrival of Christianity. After the 10th century only Christen names were officially allowed. However, in reality most children received two names — a commonly used name and the formally documented name. At that time many Greek and Roman names were also assimilated into Russian eg. During the 20th century ancient Slavic names tended to return e.
After the October Revolution of new names were created to reflect the spirit of that time. Russian first names have different forms.
They have a formal and numerous diminutive forms. Diminutive names are simply nick-names.
For ease of explanation we will break the names down into 4 different groups: Formal: e. Generally it is best to use the form of the name that is used when you are introduced to someone. Most commonly people will introduce themselves to foreigners with the colloquial form, but sometimes the formal form is used if the person prefers to use that.Russian names originate from many sources, with new names usually appearing during the most important historical periods, including the advent of Christianity to ancient Rus, the Russian Revolution ofand the Soviet years.
Ancient Slavs were very creative in naming their children. First names often described a baby's character or the parents' hopes for their child's future. These were called protection names and helped ward off bad energies and protect the name bearer. Nicknames were also very popular and aptly described someone's personality. Many names, including descriptive names, protection names, and nicknames, evolved into surnamesmany of which are still used in modern Russia.
With the advent of Christianity in the 10th century, most Slavic names were forbidden. Instead, the Church insisted on giving children the names of saints. However, many people continued to secretly name their children the ancient way.
More new names appeared in Russia in the 20th century after the Revolution.
Contemporary Russians have been adopting foreign names, inspired by movies and music artists. The following list includes 50 of the most popular Russian first names, their Russian spellings, shortened variations, and meanings.
Share Flipboard Email. Maia Nikitina. Russian Language Expert. Maia Nikitina is a writer and Russian language translator. Twitter Twitter. Updated October 15, Cite this Article Format. Nikitina, Maia.The patronymic otchestvo part of a Russian person's name is derived from the father's first name and usually serves as a middle name for Russians.
Patronymics are used in both formal and informal speech. Students always address their professors with the first name and patronymic; colleagues at an office do the same. Patronymics also appear on official documents, like passports, just like your middle name does. The patronymic carries a different ending depending upon the gender of the person.
Male patronymics usually end in ovich or evich. Female patronymics usually end in ovna or evna. Russian patronymics are formed by combining the father's first name with the appropriate suffix. To use an example from Russian literature, in Crime and PunishmentRaskolnikov's full name is Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov; Romanovich a combination of his father's name, Roman, with the ending ovich is his patronymic.Soalan koordinat tahun 5
His sister, Avdotya, uses the female version of the same patronymic because she and Rodion share the same father. Below are some more examples of patronymics.
The father's name is listed first, followed by the male and female versions of the patronymic:. More about Russian names. Share Flipboard Email. Kerry Kubilius. Kerry Kubilius is a freelance writer who specializes in Eastern European history, culture, current events, language, and travel. Updated December 06, Cite this Article Format. Kubilius, Kerry. Russian Patronymics.Every Russian has three names: a first namea patronymicand a surname.
Take a look at the name of a famous Russian writer:.Vano portaoggetti in inglese traduzione
The first name is a given name. Every Russian name has a variety of forms which can express all kinds of emotions. For example, there are more than twenty forms of Maria in Russian! Russian boys' names. Russian girls' names. The second name is a patronymic. Patronymics are usually stressed according to the position of a stressed syllable in the first name they derived from.
But there are some exceptions, e. Children and close friends are called by their first names. The personal pronoun and the verb are in the singular. The usual official form of address among adults is the first name and patronymic; the person pronoun and the verb are in the plural. If you'd like to know how to ask for somebody's name or to introduce yourself in Russian, please visit our lessons on Meeting people and Introducing others. Russian Conversations. Net Free Russian language lessons and resources.
Russian Names Every Russian has three names: a first namea patronymicand a surname. I am quite impressed with what you have made available to the public.
Eastern Slavic naming customs
Thank you. I have been a learner of Russian for many years, but have achieved only the intermediate level. So I will continue to study and will use some material on your web site. My family and I are trying to learn Russian so that we can communicate with the Russian children that we are trying to adopt. Your site is very helpful.
I enjoy it a lot. It is arranged in a logical manner, and it presents the language basics in a pleasant and clean way. The best Russian website!All race bets are settled on the official classification from the A1GP organisation, the sport's governing body, at the time of the podium presentation. All race bets are settled on the official classification as defined by the official race organisers and will not be affected by any subsequent enquiries.
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If the points are level then dead-heat rules will apply, unless the result is determined by the competition rules. Individual Race BettingNon-runner no-bet - Rule 4 (Deductions) may apply.
All riders in place to start the warm-up lap are deemed as runners. The podium positions will be used to determine 1st 2nd and 3rd for betting purposes. Rider Finishing PositionOfficial race classification at the time of the podium presentation will be used for settlement. Rider Match BettingBoth quoted riders in a match, must be in place to start the warm-up lap of the specified Race, otherwise bets are void.
If both riders fail to finish by going out on the same lap then bets will be void. Otherwise the rider completing most laps will be deemed the winner for settlement purposes. Any subsequent enquiries will not apply. If the points are level then dead-heat rules will apply unless the result of the dead-heat is determined by the competition rules. First Lap MarketsBets are settled on the first completed lap of the original race start, on a 'First Past the Post' basis, with any faulty start disregarded.
Additionally, any official restarts are disregarded, unless in the original race the first lap is not completed fully. Number of Classified RidersSettlement is based on the numbers of drivers listed as finishers in the official race classification on worldsbk.
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Settlement will be determined by the nationality of the player officially registered with the specified tournament. In the event of a match starting but not being completed then the player progressing to the next round, or the player awarded the victory (points) in a team competition, will be deemed the winner for settlement purposes.Levenshtein distance python recursive
If the statutory number of racks in a match are not completed, then all bets will be void. In the event of a match starting but not being completed, bets will be void unless the outcome is already determined.
Unless otherwise stated all Rugby bets are settled on 80 minutes play. The term 80 minutes play includes any stoppage time. Unless otherwise stated Rugby League nines match bets are settled on the specific tournament regulation play and exclude extra-time if played.
Are void unless re-arranged and played in the same 'Rugby Week' (Monday - Sunday inclusive UK time). Regular season only unless otherwise stated. The finishing position of teams at the end of the scheduled programme of matches will determine placings with no allowance for playoffs or subsequent enquiries (and potential point deductions) by the respective leagues.
To Finish Bottom - Will be settled on the team who finish in the bottom position of the stipulated league upon the completion of the regular season. To Be Relegated - Where market is offered settlement is based upon the rules of the specified league. For these markets try includes penalty try. For all scoring play markets conversions do not count. In the event of the half-time or full-time result ending in a Tie, then bets will be settled on Any Other option.
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